Martin's Moth Page
All of the moths on this page have been found in the walled garden.
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Double-striped Pug (Gymnoscelis rufifasciata)

Flight season: Two generations, late March-May and July-August.
Larval foodplants: Many, including holly, ivy, heather, buddleias, roses and ragworts.
Status: Common resident, found widely in parks, gardens, hedgerows, roadside verges.

Small Quaker (Orthosia cruda)

Flight season: One generation late February-early May.
Larval foodplants: Mainly oaks, also downy birch, hazel, sallows, field maple and sweet chestnut.
Status: Common resident, abundant in broadleaved woodland, with smaller numbers in gardens and hedgerows.

Common Quaker (Orthosia cerasi)

Flight season: One generation March-May, with some emerging in mild spells autumn/winter.
Larval foodplants: Sallows, oaks, birches, elms, hawthorns, sweet chestnut, hazel.
Status: Common resident found in most habitats, but most numerous in woodland.

Hebrew Character (Orthosia gothica)

Flight season: One generation late March-mid-May.
Larval foodplants: Wide range, including oaks, birches, hawthorn, sallows, meadowsweet and common nettle.
Status: Common resident, abundant in broadleaved woodland, with smaller numbers in gardens and hedgerows.

Early Grey (Xylocampa areola)

Flight season: One generation, March-May.
Larval foodplants: Wild and cultivated honeysuckles.
Status: Common resident, found in woodland, hedgerows, gardens and scrubland.

Chocolate-tip (Clostera curtula)

Flight season: Two generations April-May and August-September.
Larval foodplants: Aspen, other poplars, sallows and willows.
Status: Resident, not common but found locally in woodland, scrub, carr, poplar plantations, hedgerows and gardens.

Nutmeg (Discestra trifolii)

Flight season: Two generations mid April-June and August-September.
Larval foodplants: Herbaceous plants, particularly goosefoots and common orache, also field bindweed.
Status: Resident, inhabiting open places such as gardens, waste ground, fens and open woodland.

Common Plume (Emmelina monodactyla)

Flight season: Single brooded, usually September-May, occasionally found late June-early August.
Larval foodplants: Hedge and field bindweeds, on small leaves, flowers and developing seeds.
Status: Common resident. Found widely, including woodland, scrub, hedgerows and gardens.

Large Nutmeg (Apamea anceps)

Flight season: June-July.
Larval foodplants: Grasses, and cereal crops.
Status: Resident, restricted to dry calcareous grassland, arable farmland, some gardens, woodland rides and edges.


Shuttle-shaped Dart (Agrotis puta puta)

Flight season: Two overlapping generations April-late October.
Larval foodplants: Knotgrass, docks, dandelion, lettuces, herbaceous plants.
Status: Resident. Widely spread across many open habitats.

Rustic Shoulder-knot (Apamea sordens)

Flight season: May-July.
Larval foodplants: Grasses and cereal crops.
Status: Resident across a wide range of grassland, arable farmland and many gardens.

Common Marbled Carpet (Chloroclysta truncata)

Flight season: Two generations, May-June and late August-early October.
Larval foodplants: A wide variety of woody species, including sallow, birches, bramble, hawthorn and docks.
Status: Resident. Widespread across gardens, parks, woodland, scrub, hedgerows and bushes.

Pseudargyrotoza conwagana

Flight season: Double brooded, flying May-August and September-November.
Larval foodplants: Ash, privets, in the seeds or berries.
Status: Resident. Flies around tree tops on warm sunny days and at dusk.

Common Pug (Eupithecia vulgata vulgata)

Flight season: May-July.
Larval foodplants: Leaves of various trees, bramble and some low-growing plants.
Status: Resident and widespread in many situations.

Setaceous Hebrew Character (Xestia c-nigrum)

Flight season: Two generations, May-July and early August-October.
Larval foodplants: Wide range of herbaceous plants, including nettles, willowherbs and burdocks.
Status: Resident and suspected immigrant. Widely distributed, including woodland and gardens.

Vine’s Rustic (Hoplodrina ambigua)

Flight season: Two generations, May-July and August-September.
Larval foodplants: Wide range of herbaceous plants, including docks, Dandelion, Primrose and Prickly Lettuce.
Status: Resident and suspected immigrant, found on grassland, gardens and weedy places and along woodland rides.

Garden Carpet (Xanthorhoe fluctuata fluctuata)

Flight season: Two or three overlapping generations April-October.
Larval foodplants: Garlic Mustard, Shepherd’s-purse, Hairy Bittercress, cultivated brassicas, and garden Nasturtium.
Status: Resident and well distributed across many different habitats.

Heart and Dart (Agrotis exclamationis)

Flight season: Mid May-early August, often with a second generation in September.
Larval foodplants: A wide range of herbaceous plants, including Fat-hen and Ribwort Plantain.
Status: Resident and widespread.

Rustic (Hoplodrina blanda)

Flight season: Usually one generation late June-mid August; occasionally a partial second generation in October.
Larval foodplants: Chickweeds, docks and plantains.
Status: Resident and widely distributed.

Grey Pine Carpet (Thera obeliscata)

Flight season: Two generations, May-July and September-November.
Larval foodplants: Coniferous trees.
Status: Resident of coniferous woodland, parks and gardens.

Green Pug (Pasiphila rectangulata)

Flight season: June-early August.
Larval foodplants: Flowers of crab apple, cultivated Apple, Pear, Hawthorn, Blackthorn and Cherry.
Status: Resident. Wide range of habitats, including gardens, parks, hedgerows, scrub and woodland.

Pale Mottled Willow (Paradrina clavipalpis)

Flight season: Probably two generations, May-July and late August-October, but occurs February-November.
Larval foodplants: Grass seeds, including cereal grains and those of plantains and Garden Pea.
Status: Resident and suspected immigrant, found on grassland, farmland and urban gardens; formerly recorded in coal mines, living on the fodder of pit ponies.

Flame (Axylia putris)

Flight season: June-July.
Larval foodplants: Stinging nettle, White Dead-nettle, Hedge Bedstraw and other low-growing plants.
Status: Resident and widespread.

Mottled Pug (Eupithecia exiguata exiguata)

Flight season: May-June.
Larval foodplants: Hawthorn, Midland Hawthorn, Blackthorn and Dogwood.
Status: Resident, found in woodland, scrub and along hedgerows.

Mottled Rustic (Caradrina morpheus)

Flight season: Usually one generation June-mid August, but sometimes a partial second generation October.
Larval foodplants: Wide range of herbaceous plants, including nettles, docks, goosefoots and Hedge Bedstraw.
Status: Resident in most lowland situations and fairly widespread there.

Marbled Minor (Oligia strigilis)

Flight season: Late May-July.
Larval foodplants: Grasses, including Common Couch, Cock’s-foot and Reed Canary-grass.
Status: Resident, found in a wide range of grassy places.

Tawny Marbled Minor (Oligia latruncula)

Flight season: Late May-late July.
Larval foodplants: Grasses, including Cock’s-foot.
Status: Resident of grasslands, woodland rides and gardens.

Willow Beauty (Peribatodes rhomboidaria)

Flight season: Two generations, early June-early August and late August-early October.
Larval foodplants: Wide range of broadleaved trees, shrubs and climbers.
Status: Resident, occupying woodland, hedgerows, gardens, scrub and parkland.

Spectacle (Abrostola tripartita)

Flight season: Two generations, May-mid July and late July-early September.
Larval foodplants: Common Nettle.
Status: Resident in gardens, hedgerows, ditches, rough pasture, woodland edges and disturbed ground.

Bright-line Brown-eye (Lacanobia oleracea)

Flight season: May-late July.
Larval foodplants: Wide range of herbaceous plants, including Common Nettle, Fat-hen, willowherbs, Elm and Hazel.
Status: Resident. Widespread in gardens and other cultivated land, and along woodland rides.

Common Footman (Eilema lurideola)

Flight season: July-August.
Larval foodplants: Lichens and algae on trees, bushes, posts, walls and rocks; also leaves of Hawthorn, Blackthorn and Bramble.
Status: Resident. Favours farmland and gardens, woodland and wetlands.

Uncertain (Hoplodrina alsines)

Flight season: Normally one generation mid June-mid August, but sometimes a second one in the autumn.
Larval foodplants: A broad range of herbaceous plants, including chickweeds, docks, dead-nettles and Primrose.
Status: Resident. Found in most habitats, from woodlands and open meadows to gardens, including urban areas.

Dun-bar (Cosmia trapezina)

Flight season: Mid July-mid September.
Larval foodplants: Most broadleaved trees and shrubs and, in later stages, the larvae of other moth species.
Status: Resident. Found in most situations with trees or shrubs, but most abundant in woodland.

Scalloped Oak (Crocallis elinguaria)

Flight season: July-August.
Larval foodplants: Hawthorn, Blackthorn, Downy and Silver Birch, oaks, Honeysuckle and other broadleaved woody plants, including Cotoneaster.
Status: Resident. Favours woodland, scrub, hedgerows, parks and gardens.

Riband Wave (Idaea aversata)

Flight season: Mid June-mid August, with a partial second generation September-October.
Larval foodplants: Low-growing herbaceous plants, including bedstraws, Wood Avens, Primrose, Dandelion and docks..
Status: Resident. Widely distributed across most habitats.

Dark Arches (Apamea monoglypha)

Flight season: June-August.
Larval foodplants: Grasses, including Common Couch and Cock’s Foot.
Status: Resident. Ubiquitous.

Heart and Club (Agrotis clavis)

Flight season: Mid June-early August.
Larval foodplants: A wide range of herbaceous plants, including Fat Hen, Broad-leaved Dock and Wild Carrot.
Status: Resident. Most abundant on coastal sand dunes, but also on light soils, including gardens.

Small Blood-vein (Scopula imitaria)

Flight season: July-August, with a second generation September-October.
Larval foodplants: Rarely recorded in the wild, but has been found on Garden Privet and Honeysuckle.
Status: Resident. Found in gardens, broadleaved woodland, along hedgerows and at open coastal sites.

Gothic (Naenia typica)

Flight season: June-July.
Larval foodplants: A wide range of wild and cultivated herbaceous and woody plants.
Status: Resident, but found only locally, in gardens, weedy hedgerows, damp woodland and various wet places.

Double Square-spot (Xestia triangulum)

Flight season: June-early August.
Larval foodplants: Many herbaceous plants, including buttercups, Primrose, Cow Parsley and, in the spring, Blackthorn, hawthorns and Raspberry.
Status: Resident. Widely distributed across most habitats.

Buff Ermine (Spilosoma luteum)

Flight season: Mid May-July.
Larval foodplants: Common Nettle, Honeysuckle, Hop, Wild Plum and birches.
Status: Resident. Encountered in gardens, woodland and parks, and along hedgerows.

Barred Straw (Eulithis pyraliata)

Flight season: Late May-late August.
Larval foodplants: Cleavers and other bedstraws.
Status: Resident. Frequents gardens, hedgerows, ditches, roadside verges, woodland rides and scrubby grassland.

Dwarf Cream Wave (Idaea fuscovenosa)

Flight season: Early June-late July.
Larval foodplants: Little known in the wild, but in captivity will eat leaves of Dandelion, Knotgrass and Bramble.
Status: Resident. Found only locally in calcareous places, usually with tall herbaceous growth.

Lesser Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing (Noctua janthe)

Flight season: Late July-early September.
Larval foodplants: White Dead-nettle, Broad-leaved Dock, Scentless Mayweed and other herbaceous plants.
Status: Resident and and found almost anywhere.

Yellow-tail (Euproctis similis)

Flight season: July-August.
Larval foodplants: Broadleaved trees and shrubs.
Status: Resident along hedgerows, in woodland and other scrubby places as well as gardens.

Dog’s Tooth (Lacanobia suasa)

Flight season: Two generations, late May-early July and late July-early September.
Larval foodplants: Herbaceous plants, including Greater Plantain and goose-foots.
Status: Resident, but found only locally and most numerous in damp places, but does occur in drier farmland.

Pyrausta aurata

Flight season: March-early September.
Larval foodplants: Mints, Calamint, Marjoram and other Lamiaceae.
Status: Resident of grassland and gardens.

Catoptria pinella

Flight season: Late June-September.
Larval foodplants: Tufted Hair-grass and other grasses, and probably also sedges.
Status: Resident along woodland rides and clearings, and waste ground.

Udea lutealis

Flight season: June-September.
Larval foodplants: Wild strawberry, Mugwort, Bramble, knapweeds and plantains.
Status: Resident of rough fields and field margins, woodland rides, hedgerows, gardens and allotments.

Eudonia mercurella

Flight season: June-September.
Larval foodplants: Mosses.
Status: Resident in woodland, scrub and grasslands.

Acrobasis suavella

Flight season: June-August.
Larval foodplants: Blackthorn, Cotoneaster and hawthorns.
Status: Resident in blackthorn thickets and stunted bushes, and also gardens.

Least Carpet (Idaea rusticata)

Flight season: Late June-late August, with a partial second generation in the autumn.
Larval foodplants: Ivy, Traveller’s-joy, the garden crucifer Golden Alyssum, the larvae eating dead and withered leaves.
Status: Resident and probable immigrant, found only locally in gardens, along hedgerows and verges.

Single-dotted Wave (Idaea dimidiata)

Flight season: June-August.
Larval foodplants: Cow Parsley, Burnet-saxifrage and Hedge Bedstraw.
Status: Resident. Inhabits woodland, hedgerows, gardens, marshes and fens.

Scarce Footman (Eilema complana)

Flight season: July-August.
Larval foodplants: Lichens and algae on walls, posts, plant stems branches and the ground.
Status: Resident, encountered locally in woodland, fens and sometimes in gardens.

Lesser Yellow Underwing (Noctua comes)

Flight season: June-October.
Larval foodplants: Common Nettle, Broad-leaved Dock and Foxglove; in spring, climbs into small bushes and trees.
Status: Resident and ubiquitous.

Bee Moth (Aphomia sociella)

Flight season: May-mid September.
Larval foodplants: Old cells, debris and the brood of bumblebees and wasps.
Status: Resident, inhabiting woodland, scrub, parkland, hedgerows and gardens.

Celypha lacunana

Flight season: Double brooded, between May-early November.
Larval foodplants: A wide range of herbaceous plants; occasionally trees or shrubs, in spun leaves, shoots and flowers.
Status: Resident in open woodland, woodland margins, hedgerows, verges and in gardens.

Chrysoteuchia culmella

Flight season: May-September, sometimes October.
Larval foodplants: Grasses.
Status: Resident. All grassy places.

Eudonia lacustrata

Flight season: Mid May-August.
Larval foodplants: Mosses.
Status: Resident, found in open habitats of woodland, parkland and gardens.

Garden Pebble (Evergestis forficalis)

Flight season: Double-brooded and sometimes treble-brooded late April-mid October.
Larval foodplants: Brassicas, especially cultivated cabbages, Horse-radish, radishes and swedes, in a web among the leaves
Status: Resident of gardens, allotments and waste ground.

Red Twin-spot Carpet (Xanthorhoe spadicearia)

Flight season: Two generations, mid April-June and late July-August.
Larval foodplants: Herbaceous plants, particularly bedstraws, but also Ground-ivy and Wild Carrot.
Status: Resident. Found widely in gardens, woodland, along hedgerows and other places where the foodplants are found.

Brimstone Moth (Opisthograptis luteolata)

Flight season: Two or three generations April-October.
Larval foodplants: Blackthorn, hawthorns, sometimes Plum, Bullace and related species.
Status: Resident of gardens, hedgerows, woodland and scrub.

Early Thorn (Selenia dentaria)

Flight season: Two generations, mid February-May and July-September.
Larval foodplants: Blackthorn, Hawthorn, Hazel, birches, Alder, sallows, Honeysuckle and other woody broadleaved plants.
Status: Resident, encountered in woodland, scrub, along hedgerows and in parks and gardens.

Canary-shouldered Thorn (Ennomos alniaria)

Flight season: Late July-mid October.
Larval foodplants: Downy and Silver Birch, Alder, limes and elms.
Status: Resident in woodland, scrub, parks and gardens, but less frequently in densely urban areas.

Shark (Cucullia umbratica)

Flight season: Late June-August.
Larval foodplants: Flowers and leaves of sow-thistles, wild lettuces, hawk’s-beards and hawkweeds.
Status: Resident, usually found in open country but also in urban gardens.

Silver Y (Autographa gamma)

Flight season: Several generations, and recorded in every month of the year, but most frequently May-September.
Larval foodplants: Many low-growing wild and cultivated herbaceous plants; sometimes a pest on Garden Pea, Cabbage and Runner Bean.
Status: Immigrant, and found across most habitats.

Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing (Noctua fimbriata)

Flight season: July-September.
Larval foodplants: Common Nettle, Primrose, Broad-leaved Dock, Bramble, sallows and privets.
Status: Resident, most frequently occupying broadleaved woodland and well-wooded parkland, and less frequently in gardens.

Southern Wainscot (Mythimna straminea)

Flight season: July-August.
Larval foodplants: Common Reed and Reed Canary-grass.
Status: Resident of marshes, fens marshy riverbanks and along canals and ditches.

Mouse Moth (Amphipyra tragopoginis)

Flight season: July-September.
Larval foodplants: Leaves and flowers of herbaceous plants, as well as sallows and hawthorns.
Status: Resident in many habitats, including gardens and woodland.

Dusky Sallow (Eremobia ochroleuca)

Flight season: Late July-early September.
Larval foodplants: Seeds and flowers of grasses, including Cock’s-foot, False Oat-grass and Common Couch.
Status: Resident. Found in grassland and grassy places.

Ruby Tiger (Phragmatobia fuliginosa)

Flight season: Two generations, mid April-June and mid July-early September.
Larval foodplants: A wide range of herbaceous plants, including ragworts and plantains.
Status: Resident of open habitats, including woodland, set-aside farmland and gardens.

Dark Spinach (Pelurga comitata)

Flight season: July-August.
Larval foodplants: The flowers and seeds of goose-foots and oraches.
Status: Resident in various rough open places, including some gardens and allotments; a casualty of over-tidiness.

Least Yellow Underwing (Noctua interjecta)

Flight season: July-August.
Larval foodplants: Herbaceous plants such as Meadowsweet and Common Mallow, and grasses.
Status: Resident of mainly open places, such as hedgerows, gardens and fens.

Smoky Wainscot (Mythimna impura)

Flight season: Late June-August.
Larval foodplants: Cock’s-foot and other grasses and Common Reed.
Status: Resident in all types of grassland, including woodland rides.

Grey Dagger (Acronicta psi)

Flight season: Mid May-August.
Larval foodplants: A wide range of broadleaved trees and shrubs.
Status: Resident in most habitats, including gardens, woodland and hedgerows.

Common Rustic (Mesapamea secalis)

Flight season: July-August.
Larval foodplants: Grasses, including Cock’s-foot, Tall Fescue, Tufted Hair-grass and cereal crops.
Status: Resident, occupying a wide range of grasslands, including gardens, farmland and woodland.

Lesser Common Rustic (Mesapamea didyma)

Flight season: July-August.
Larval foodplants: Grasses, including Cock’s-foot and fescues.
Status: Resident of grasslands and grassy places, including gardens.

Currant Pug (Eupithecia assimilata)

Flight season: Two generations, May-June and August.
Larval foodplants: Wild Hop, Black Currant and Red Currant.
Status: Resident. Often found in gardens and allotments, and where Wild Hop grows in hedgerows.

Garden Dart (Euxoa nigricans)

Flight season: July-mid September.
Larval foodplants: Herbaceous plants, including clovers, docks and plantains.
Status: Resident and found in a wide range of habitats, though has declined by more than 90% since 1968.

Marbled Beauty (Chryphia domestica)

Flight season: July-August.
Larval foodplants: Lichens growing on walls, roofs and trees.
Status: Resident. Associated with old buildings, walls, gravestones and lichen-covered trees.

Brown Rustic (Rusina ferruginia)

Flight season: June-July.
Larval foodplants: A wide range of herbaceous plants, including vetches, plantains, docks and bistorts.
Status: Resident and widely distributed across most habitats, including gardens.

Diamond-back Moth (Plutella xylostella)

Flight season: Several broods per year, recorded in every month and most frequently in the summer.
Larval foodplants: Many species of the cabbage family.
Status: A regular immigrant to the British Isles and found almost everywhere.

Agriphila tristella

Flight season: June-September.
Larval foodplants: Various grasses.
Status: Resident, found in grasslands and waste ground.

Small Magpie (Anania hortulata)

Flight season: May-September.
Larval foodplants: Common Nettle, Black Horehound woundworts and mints.
Status: Resident and widely distributed across most habitats.

Catoptria falsella

Flight season: June-September.
Larval foodplants: Mosses.
Status: Resident in gardens and woodlands, and inhabits thick moss-covered roofs of outbuildings.

Crambus pascuella

Flight season: May-August.
Larval foodplants: Sheep’s-fescue, Deergrass, and possibly other grasses and sedges.
Status: Resident and found widely in grasslands.

Endotricha flammealis

Flight season: June-mid October.
Larval foodplants: Decaying leaves on the ground.
Status: Resident of woodland, waste ground and gardens.

Copper Underwing (Amphipyra pyramidea)

Flight season: Late July-early October.
Larval foodplants: A wide range of broadleaved trees.
Status: Resident and most abundant in woodland, but occurs in gardens, parks and along hedgerows.

Angle Shades (Phlogophora meticulosa)

Flight season: Mainly May-October, and probably in two generations, but recorded all year round.
Larval foodplants: Common Nettle, Hop, Red Valerian, docks, Bramble, Hazel, birches and oaks.
Status: Resident and ubiquitous, favouring gardens, hedgerows, woodland and fens.

Agriphila geniculea

Flight season: July-October.
Larval foodplants: Grasses.
Status: Dry grasslands and gardens.